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Check in advance on best possible water sources: i.e. neighboring wells, driller's well records and experiences.
Select a reputable established water well drilling contractor and then have confidence in his judgment and recommendations.
Insist on a written contract.
Insist on full coverage insurance.
Compare all hidden costs and materials as well as the "per foot" charge.
Locate the well properly from the standpoint of safety, sanitation and convenience.
Insist on both a certified well log (the Ministry of Environment well record) and an invoice of work performed and materials used.
Have the well casing extended a minimum of 2' above ground surface and the well properly grouted to prevent surface contamination.
Select the proper type of pump recommended as best suited to your needs and capacity of the well, and have the pump installed by qualified pump person.
Select a water system and all equipment, including piping, fitted to the capacity of your well and your water requirements.

B.C.'s Ground Water Protection Regulation

What Private Well Owners Should Know - Download BC Government brochure here

What to look for when choosing a well drilling contractor?

contractors who enjoy good reputations and are proud of their profession.
use good equipment, high quality materials, modern techniques.
belong to the Provincial Ground Water Association and learn the most modern techniques and methods.
registered as qualified by the Province of BC
understand and appreciate the need for better and safer wells.
have technical knowledge of the efficient and proper use of groundwater.

How much water is needed?

Consider all present and possible future uses.
Household - for all modern conveniences and appliances
Whirlpool tubs or spas
Lawn and garden irrigation
Air conditioning
Groundwater geothermal heat pump for year-round heating and cooling.

Water requirements

Rule of thumb is 100 gallons per person per day for suburban living
500 sq. ft. garden requires 35 gallons per day - mostly as rain
Dairy Cow - 35 gallons
Beef Cow - 10 gallons
Sheep - 1-1.5 gallons
Horse - 10-12 gallons
Sow - 5-6 gallons
Hens - 3-5 gallons per 100 birds

Where should the well be located?

Sanitation is the most important. Always locate the well at a higher elevation than the barnyard, septic tank and other drainage. Wells should also be located away from highways, as road salt is a potential contaminant in some areas. The well should be at least 100 feet from a septic field (yours or neighbors) and 50' from septic tank.
Convenience for use of water, for installation of pump, and later maintenance of well and pump. DO NOT put the well in a basement, under a paved driveway, under power lines or under the eaves of a building.
100 feet from septic subsurface tile fields
50 feet from barnyard or septic tank

How do I prepare my site for drilling?

The drill site should be cleared of all over hanging trees and bushes. It also needs to be fairly level with reasonable road access.

Low yield wells

In some areas, the aquifers do not produce the quantity of water expected from a domestic well (1/2 - 10 gallons per minute). With a proper storage tank (or storage in the deeper wells), wells producing as little as 1/2 gallon per minute can be adequate for domestic needs.

How can we manage if our well only has a low yield?

With a deep bedrock well, there will be water stored in the borehole of the well as the water rises up to the static level. The static level is the level at which the water stands in the well when no water is being removed, either by pumping or free flow). In a 6" well each foot of water depth in the well is equal to 1.5 gallons. A well with 300' of water will give a storage capacity of 450 gallons, or the ability to pump the well at 4 gallons per minute for 100 minutes.

1 gallon per minute = 1440 gallons per day
1/2 gallon per minute = 720 gallons per day
500 gallons per day = .35 gallons per minute
1' in a 6" well = 1.5 gallons of water storage

Groundwater facts

Groundwater is preferable to surface water. Groundwater from deep, drilled wells is naturally filtered and is clean, clear and pure. Some shallow wells can have contamination problems. Less than 1% of all groundwater is contaminated and in most cases is easily and affordably treated. By contrast, most surface water (lakes and rivers) is polluted and must be treated.

Groundwater is a renewable, reliable resource. Deep-drilled wells recharge themselves. A deep drilled well will not normally fluctuate with the seasons and will provide a constant, steady supply of water.

Please feel free to contact us for any further information.

Canadian Ground Water Association (CGWA)dan gareBritish Columbia Ground Water Association (BCGWA)
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